Buyer’s Guide: The Elements and Types of Dining Room Tables

By Holly Rennels · January 13, 2015

Buyer’s Guide: The Elements and Types of Dining Room Tables

Features of Fine Handmade Amish Dining Room Furniture

Amish-made dining room furniture is an investment worth making. At Countryside, you determine the hardwood, stain, and details that our craftsmen will utilize when building your new dining room or kitchen table. This means your table is a one-of-a-kind, heirloom worthy table that will be passed down for generations.

Single pedestal tables:

These tables stand on a large, single "leg" and are available in a variety of shapes and sizes. It is easy to push your chairs flush to this type of table, but long legs may not enjoy the center impediment. Single pedestals are great for round tables, small tables, and/or pub tables in your eat-kitchen or breakfast nook. For your dining room, a single pedestal table works best when used for seating fewer than eight. When expanded further, it can be prone to tipping if someone leans on one end or the other.

Double pedestal tables:

Two pedestals are better than one in a very large dining room. All pedestal tables "open" to accept leaves on geared slides, so they are easy to expand. The balance afforded by a double pedestal base, however, allows this type of dining table to open to seat 12 or more with relative ease.  Double pedestals also tend to look a little more formal in your dining room.

Leg Tables:

Incredibly versatile, the leg table is the most common table of all. At Countryside, most of our leg tables will add a fifth leg centered under a leaf for stability if you add several leaves. We offer dining room and kitchen tables that expand to more than 20 feet in length. Sometimes, several legs are added for support. Wooden slides are typically used for expansion of leg tables. 

Trestle Tables:

The first known tables specifically for dining were trestle tables. Trestles add strength and stability to your dining surface and allow some design elements not available in other types of kitchen and dining tables. Expansion for leaves is accomplished with geared slides so that the table top slides apart and the trestle remains intact.

Expansion tables:

Expansion tables are simply tables that can be made larger by adding a leaf of some kind. Pictured above is a trestle table which has opened on geared slides to accept leaves. 

Butterfly Leaf Tables:

Butterfly leaf tables completely self-store their expansion leaves. The leaves will fold so that they can be inserted underneath the closed table top. It is important to consider that butterfly leaves will have a seam just like any other leaf, as well as a seam in the center for folding. There is quite a bit of engineering involved in this leaf, so it is important to maintain and care for these tables properly. Butterfly tables, however, are incredibly convenient and come in a number or styles, shapes, and sizes.

Pull-out Console Tables:

Pull-out tables are usually contained in a cabinet that appears to be a buffet server or sideboard. Several leaves will be stored within and can be added as needed for additional seating. 

Refectory Tables:

One of the earliest expanding tables, the refectory table expands from the ends, not the center as in traditional tables. Leaves are self-stored in the table ends and typically allow for two additional place settings each.

Drop Leaf Tables:

Similar to the refectory table, the drop leaf table is an Early American take on the transitional table. When the leaves are dropped, the table can serve the purpose of a sofa table or bookcase, but when both leaves are "up", use for seating guests for dinner can be accomplished. 

Once you have determined the type of table you want, it is important to evaluate how many you need to seat on occasion. Due to alignment, grain matching, and finish integrity, it is optimal to order all the expansion leaves you think you may ever need when you first order your table. If you are calculating the number of guests you anticipate, be sure to allow enough space. Officially, the industry recommends 27" per person for comfortable seating. For the holidays or when including small children, however, 24" per person can be acceptable. It is really up to you.

What is an apron?

Also known as a skirt or skirting, the apron is the framing under your table top. In self-storing leaf tables, the apron also disguises the engineering required to house the leaves. You will notice that Countryside will tell you a table "self-stores 4 leaves, 2 with aprons". This means that four of your expansion leaves can be self-stored, but two will not include the apron portion of the table top. This allows the non-skirted leaf to nestle into the one with an apron for storage. When in use, however, a gap will be visible on the leaves that do not include an apron. If you need four leaves and want all four to have aprons, that is not a problem. Store two in your table and two in a closet. If you are going to use a table cloth most of the time, you will likely prefer the self-storing option with two leaves not including the skirting. Again, it is up to you.


The edge of the table is exactly what it sounds like. Many of our tables allow you to choose the shape of the table's edge. When choosing your edge, consider who will be using it. Rounded edges are great for homes with children.

Rounded, or roundover, edges are not sharp, are easy to clean, and don't tempt little ones to drive toy cars in the "groove". Consider these factors when choosing your table's edge.


Table shapes vary greatly. Your taste and your space will determine if round, rectangle, triangle, or octagon is right for you. When measuring your room for size and shape, be sure to include chair clearance into your calcuations. You will want a buffer zone around the table for pulling out chairs, etc.


We are often asked about the width of tables. Remember that the width of your table will determine how many people can be seated at the ends, how much room you have for center service, and also the number of leaves your table will self-store. Table width can also have an impact on the final price of your table as well as each leaf.


When you are offered the opportunity to select your table leg, you can rest assured strength and stability have already been considered. The leg of your table should fit the style of your dining room or kitchen and help your table complement other pieces in the room.


Standard dining table height is 30 inches. Pub and gathering tables, however, are 36" and 42" tall respectively. Also known as counter height  (36") and bar height (42"), these tables are trendy and novel. Perfect for eat in kitchens, breakfast nooks, and game rooms, these tall tables are fun for family and built to last just as long as Countryside's dining tables.


Remember, you will also need chairs with your dining or kitchen table. Typically, your chair budget will exceed what you spend on your table. Consider the style, shape, height, and size of your table when ordering companion chairs. Armed with this information, we hope you will have an amazing experience ordering a dining or kitchen table from Countryside.

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